Featured Post

World War One Poetry Essay Example

World War One Poetry Essay Look into the reason and style of Wilfred Owens First World War verse with the reason and style of contemporar...

Thursday, August 27, 2020

World War One Poetry Essay Example

World War One Poetry Essay Look into the reason and style of Wilfred Owens First World War verse with the reason and style of contemporary enlistment sonnets. The Ballad of Peace and War-Wilfred Owen Dulce et Decorum Est-Wilfred Owen Anthem for Doomed Youth-Wilfred Owen Whos for the Game?- Jessie Pope Fall In-Harold Begbie What passing chimes for the individuals who bite the dust as steers? Wilfred Owen, Anthem for Doomed Youth Who needs a go to himself in the show? Jessie Pope, Whos for the Game? We will compose a custom exposition test on World War One Poetry explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We will compose a custom paper test on World War One Poetry explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer We will compose a custom paper test on World War One Poetry explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer The First World War started in 1914, after the death of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on the 28th of June. The beneficiary to the Austro-Hungarian seat was shot by Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb understudy. As revenge for this, Austria-Hungary requested that Serbia rebuffed those associated with the shooting. The contention raised as the Austro-Hungarian government esteemed that Serbia had not satisfied this interest and announced war. The significant European forces had joined the war inside half a month because of complex worldwide coalitions. Accordingly the first war had become the principal worldwide military clash; the Entente or Allied forces, the British Empire, Russia, France and in the long run Italy ; America, against the Central powers, the Austro-Hungarian, German and Ottoman Empires. World War One is additionally depicted as the principal present day war and is especially noted for the utilization of channel fighting, which brought about an expected 8.3 million military set backs. At the point when the war broke out in August 1914, Britain depended on a little expert power, contrasting from other European forces which had immense recruit armed forces. Be that as it may, as the quantity of losses developed and subtleties of the troopers cruel encounters in the French channels arrived at the British open, men got hesitant to join the military. The decrease in volunteers prompted the dispatch of an across the nation battle by the Secretary of State for War, Lord Kitchener. This battle expected to grow new armed forces comprised of a huge number of volunteers. As a feature of the battle, different papers distributed selecting sonnets. These sonnets, joined with an across the country banner activity, assisted with making enormous social strain to join the military upon the countries youngsters. The selecting sonnets were composed by individuals, for example, Jessie Pope, who had never experienced war and the sonnets snappy styles with basic rhyme plans mirror their motivation of attempting to urge youngsters to join the war exertion. The happy enrolling effort, be that as it may, was a conspicuous difference to the cruel real factors of channel fighting. Wilfred Owen drew on his terrible encounters in the war to compose ground-breaking against war verse, with direction from Siegfried Sassoon. Owen had been anxious to join the military and was sent to France toward the finish of 1916; the detestations of fight immediately changed Owen and his composition. The serious style of Owens sonnets mirrored their motivation of showing the truth of war, repudiating the expert war battle. This selecting effort, be that as it may, got pointless after induction was presented in 1916. Prior to his own encounters in fight, Owen was a supporter of the war, drafting the genius war sonnet The Ballad of Peace and War. Owen was anxious to chip in for his nation and left his showing position in France to do as such, telling his mom I currently would most strongly like to battle. The accompanying spring, Owen got back a changed man, experiencing shell-stun. The Ballad of Peace and War is a distinct difference to Owens later sonnets, showing how his encounters in the channels changed his assessment of war. The Ballad of Peace and War has a straightforward ABAB rhyme plot, as did the enlistment verse, and an enthusiastic style. In this sonnet, Owen announced Oh meet it is and passing sweet to live content with others, however better still and unmistakably progressively meet to kick the bucket in war for siblings These lines represent Owens unique conviction that it is meet or fitting to bite the dust so as to spare the spirit of England. This was a conviction that Owen late r derided, when he had come back from fight, in Dulce et Decorum Est. Dulce et Decorum Est, a standout amongst other known sonnets of the twentieth century, shows Owens takeoff from his initial composing style, exhibited in The Ballad of Peace and War. The title of the sonnet, itself a joke of Owens prior work, begins from a sonnet by the Roman artist Horace. The expression was highly cited all through the nineteenth century, when the British Empire was at its pinnacle, especially during the Boer War and toward the beginning of World War One. The total expression, Dulce et etiquette est master patria mori., implies It is sweet and fitting to pass on for your nation. Owen alludes to this expression as the old Lie and uses it to assault the stay-at-home supporters of the war. The style of the sonnet is a differentiation to the song style of Owens unique verse. In spite of the fact that Owen has kept on utilizing the basic ABAB rhyme conspire, Dulce et Decorum Est shows Owens utilization of language structure and enjambment to give the sonnet a feeling of confusion, while likewise deriding the straightforward rhyme plot utilized in enrollment verse, for example, Whos for the Game? by Jessie Pope, demonstrating their mistake to his crowd. Owen additionally utilizes short sentences and capital letters in lines, for example, Gas! GAS! to pass on the feeling of frenzy he encountered in the channels. Another procedure utilized by Owen in Dulce et Decorum Est is the utilization of tangible language to make realistic symbolism. Lines, for example, Gargling from the foam undermined lungs, invoke awful pictures in the psyche of the peruser. These strategies help Owen to accomplish his motivation of communicating the repulsions of channel fighting to the peruser, consequently checking the impacts of ace war enrollment verse. Dulce et Decorum Est was initially tended to legitimately to Jessie Pope, an artist and war lover, who composed sonnets, for example, Whos for the Game? on the side of the enrollment crusade. Owen alludes to Pope in the last lines of the sonnet as my companion and announces that Pope would not rush to urge youngsters to join the military on the off chance that she had encountered life in the channels. Thes e lines are utilized by Owen to underline the deceptions of the enlistment crusade, which was driven by those without experience of channel fighting. Jessie Pope was a notable columnist who helped the enlistment crusade by composing war verse for the Daily Mail and the Daily Express. Her composing reflected well known mentalities inside society during the First World War and Pope herself has gotten notorious after Owens reference to her in his first draft of Dulce et Decorum Est. Popes sonnet Whos for the Game? looks at war to don so as to accomplish the reason for enrollment verse, which is to convince men to join the military. Utilizing lines, for example, Wholl fall in line for the sign to Go!? what's more, casual language, for example, It wont be an excursion, Pope makes a casual, neighborly style while building the correlation of war to wear. This infers war is a minor, fun hobby like games, which adds powerful clout to the sonnet, especially as sports are a generally male movement. The benevolent style of the sonnet additionally assists with accomplishing Popes reason in light of the fact that the peruser is bound to believe the substance of the verse in the event that they feel a bond with the creator. Popes utilization of language additionally adds to this style. Popes selection of intensifiers, for example, excitedly, hold positive implications which subliminally suggest to the peruser that the war will be entertaining. This is a difference to Owens decision of language in Dulce et Decorum Est and Anthem for Doomed Youth, where words hold negative implications, along these lines communicating the detestations of channel fighting. A case of this is Owens utilization of the word frequenting with ramifications of death. Another procedure utilized by Pope to accomplish her motivation is the utilization of facetious inquiries, for example, Wholl give his nation a hand?, which power the peruser to ask themselves these inquiries and uncertainty their conclusions in the event that they vary from those of the creator. Also Popes basic ABAB rhyme plot, differentiating to Owens unexpected utilization of enjambment to wind this rhyme conspire in Dulce et Decorum Est, gives the sonnet a snappy style which mean the sonnet itself is bound to stay in the perusers mind and is hence bound to sidestep their cognizant assessments and convince them into Popes perspective. In any case, in Whos for the Game? Pope embodies England as a lady who needs assistance, alluding to the nation as she, which goes about as an enticing procedure for men by invigorating their inborn senses to secure females. Also, Owen utilizes the trouble of ladies to ingrain feeling inside the peruser, in the line the paleness of young ladies foreheads in Anthem for Doomed Youth. Another of Owens sonnets, composed with broad help from Sassoon in the late spring of 1917, is the Anthem for Doomed Youth. The reason for this sonnet, likewise with all of Owens later work, was to communicate the repulsions of channel fighting to the peruser, along these lines neutralizing the impacts of master war enrollment verse and building up a demeanor of resistance to war inside the peruser. In the Anthem for Doomed Youth, Owen thinks about the dehumanized setbacks of the First World War to the conventional burial service functions of peacetime in the tragic shires of Britain. Owen additionally utilizes creature symbolism and non-serious inquiries, What passing ringers for the individuals who pass on as cows?, as enticing methods to infer that the passings of fighters are dealt with comparatively to the butcher of steers. The facetious inquiries are utilized by Owen to make the peruser question their predispositions. Owen additionally utilizes juxtaposition inside lines, for example, The high pitched, psychotic ensembles of howling shells. to

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Getting Traction for Your Books †by Justin Mares

Getting Traction for Your Books - by Justin Mares Getting Footing for Your Books - Interviewing Justin Mares â€Å"Most new companies don't fall flat at building an item. Most new businesses fizzle at getting traction.† - Traction BookThe same can be said of books. Most writers don’t fall flat at composing a book, they come up short at finding their perusers and offering the book to them. This is the reason we’ve consistently focused on how writers and new companies are comparative, and how, with regards to promoting, writers can take in al part from startups.So today, we chose to bring probably the best startup advertising exhortation to the Reedsy blog: Justin Mares is the co-writer of the Traction book, a smash hit and genuine reference work for beginning time new businesses arranging their showcasing system. Not surprisingly, the transcript of the most significant purposes of the meeting is given beneath Hello Justin, it’s truly astounding to have you on our Reedsy digital broadcast. You’re the co-writer of the Traction Book, which I believe is one of the absolute best advertising books for new companies. For our audience members who don’t think about it yet, would you be able to rapidly give us the pitch?Sure! So Traction is a book that is there to assist new companies with the critical step of â€Å"what do you do once you have a product?† The book moves toward how to approach setting up a development procedure, how to make sense of what channels are useful for your business, and afterward has a part on every single one of the 19 â€Å"channels† that we have recognized as ways for a business to get customers.And you’re now discharging the subsequent version. What’s intriguing is that you independently published the first, and afterward got by Penguin, how’s the experience been?Interesting†¦ Yes, it’s been fascinati ng. Like anything, there are positives and negatives. On the positive side, the subsequent release is in book shops, it has been expertly altered, it is significantly crisper, we did a bundle more emphasess and stuff that way, so it’s a great book.On the negative side, things move much more gradually, and you lose a portion of the inventive control that you have when you’re independently publishing a book.So on balance, I think it was the correct choice, we’re extremely content with Portfolio (Penguin), it’s been an incredible encounter working with them, yet there unquestionably are a few positives and negatives.That’s truly intriguing, and I can get why, originating from a startup and tech foundation, you would discover customary distributing moderate. Presently, on another note, I like to imagine that creators are somewhat similar to new businesses, and that they should move toward showcasing similarly we do. Would you concur with that?Definitel y. Furthermore, that’s something we notice in our book: on the off chance that you approach things in an efficient manner - that we talk about in our book-you are undeniably bound to have things work out. Furthermore, we found that applying that procedure we portray in the book to our own advertising of the book had a similar effect and permitted us to do truly well.And that’s why I for the most part prescribe writers to peruse the Traction book and utilize the methodology you depict. Presently, only rapidly for our perusers, would you be able to summarize that approach?Sure! So what we talk about is fundamentally: take a gander at the potential channels (ways) you could advertise the book, and afterward make sense of, in the event that you need to sell, say, 5000 duplicates, which of these channels will permit you to sell that number of duplicates. [Read progressively about the â€Å"bullseye† approach here] Take a gander at the potential ways you could showcase your book and test the ones that bode well. So for our situation we looked and we stated: â€Å"ok, we think email showcasing is going to function admirably, we think doing blog visitor presents is going on function admirably, and we think digital broadcasts will work well†. When we make sense of that, we ran little tests on every one of these three channels. We estimated them and saw that web recordings and email advertising far outflanked visitor posting.So then we thought: extraordinary, let’s jump on each potential digital broadcast we can, jump on each potential pamphlet that has a significant email list, and let’s simply center around those as opposed to doing every one of them three with the expectation that one will work (which is the thing that many individuals tragically do with regards to marketing).This bodes well. What's more, it’s fascinating on the grounds that, as you state, a ton of creators attempt to do everything at once (online networking, bulletin, publicizing, blog visits, and so forth.) and when you do that, you lose center and sit around and resources.Exactly. That is to say, there are such a significant number of things you can do as a creator, as an advertiser or as a specialist to showcase your stuff. The potential outcomes are viably boundless, so what you need to do is make sense of what the best utilization of your time is, and invest however much energy doing that as could reasonably be expected. That’s what our methodology successfully attempts to help individuals with: if you’re attempting to sell your book, or develop your organization, center just around the things that truly matter, and overlook everything else. That bodes well. The one thing that makes it somewhat trickier for writers, is that frequently they sell their books through stages like Amazon, iBooks or Kobo, which they don’t control. So how would you do the following for a situation like this, how might you know which â€Å"channels† are bringing you which sales?Great question. This is something that is unquestionably a test, it’s difficult. Yet, we found a few things you can do. For one, we could take a gander at our unpleasant deals rank and see, in the event that we dispatch a specific battle today, see what our business rank does.The other thing you can do is set up Amazon partner interfaces so that on the off chance that somebody advances your book, you can give them a novel member connect that permits you at that point to perceive what number of individuals tapped on the connection and what number of made a buy because of it.That way we had the option to follow the quantity of individuals who purchased through email advancements, through visitor posts, through digital recordings, etc.Yes, we’d heard the subsidiary connection strategy previously (from Mark Dawson), so I’m happy you referenced it. Presently, you had this true to life book that you showcased well overall. On the off chance that you needed to place yourself in the shoes of a fiction creator, which channels would you test first?Hmm, it’s a hard one. I figure essential showcasing standards can apply here, and you’ve got the opportunity to ask yourself the privilege questions.First, who are the individuals who are well on the way to appreciate or reverberate with your book, and where are they hanging out? At that point, how are these individuals getting some answers concerning new fiction books today? What are the top rated outside the box writers in your kind and how could they do their beginning period marketing?I would take a gander at all these things and see what you can repeat and what y ou can’t.I believe that one thing that is extremely ground-breaking in driving book discoverability today is still verbal. Would you concur with that?Oh certainly, I’ve got 150 books on my perusing list that have been prescribed to me†¦So as a writer, what would you be able to do to help energize or launch expression of-mouth?The greatest one is to compose actually the best book that you would ever consider composing. One motivation behind why I think Traction has done truly well is that on the off chance that you are somebody who is taking a shot at a startup, I can honestly prescribe that book to you - regardless of whether I wasn’t one of the authors.I had espresso with somebody four hours back and he let me know â€Å"oh better believe it, my companion is running development at this one organization and he said that Traction was a great book, so he offered it to me and now I’m meeting with you†. What's more, that possibly happens when you compose a great book that gets one of the reference works in its category.I think that’s the #1 thing you can accomplish for informal. Something else, things that we’ve done is we’ve embedded little rewards where in the wake of perusing the book, you can go get reward material on the site and once you’re joined to our mailing list we have referral frameworks like â€Å"forward this to a companion and we’ll give you another bonus†. 'To drive informal, simply compose the best book you would ever consider composing.' @jwmares Much obliged for the experiences, Justin! What's more, once more, I truly prescribe the Traction book to both startup individuals and writers since it offers a decent methodology and a decent breakdown of the considerable number of channels you can use to sell your books.Follow Justin Mares and Reedsy on Twitter: @jwmares and @ReedsyHQWhat channels have worked for you in your book showcasing exercises? How would you track your endeavors and measure your outcomes? Leave us your contemplations, or any inquiries for Justin, in the remarks underneath!

Friday, August 21, 2020

Digital Marketing Certification A brilliant way to spur your career forward

Digital Marketing Certification â€" A brilliant way to spur your career forward Make Money Online Queries? Struggling To Get Traffic To Your Blog? Sign Up On (HBB) Forum Now!Digital Marketing Certification â€" A brilliant way to spur your career forwardUpdated On 04/09/2019Author : Ram kumarTopic : BusinessShort URL : https://hbb.me/32tkyp4 CONNECT WITH HBB ON SOCIAL MEDIA Follow @HellBoundBlogEvery second day, you hear reports that Digital Marketing has a tremendous scope as a career. Digital marketing skills are in great demand all over the world. More and more companies are now focusing on digital marketing than ever before. Under such circumstances, obtaining a Digital Marketing Certification qualification is an excellent choice.Some of the benefits of a Digital Marketing Certification are increased pay scales and better career choices. We shall see how a digital marketing certification can be a brilliant way to spur your career forward.What is Digital Marketing?Digital marketing is not much different from traditional marketing. You have a product to sell. Digital marketing is one way of creating awareness of the availability of the product. The technique is the same, and that is to engage with your customer.What are the different types of digital marketing jobs?A wide range of jobs is available in digital marketing. It ranges from audio/video production to designing websites, and social media marketing to business marketing strategy. The skills that are in demand are SEO content creation and curation, social media strategy, and martech and analysis. There are other areas as well that can test your creativity to the maximum. In short, digital marketing can open doors to a lucrative career.Advantages of becoming a Digital Marketing ProfessionalBecome an in-demand professionalWith more and more businesses preferring to deal online, the demand for digital marketing professionals is increasing by the minute. Surveys show that developed countries like the US, the UK, and other countries in Europe are facing an acute shortage of digital ma rketing executives. Therefore, the demand is tremendous, whereas the supply is inadequate to meet the demand. Thus, gearing up for a career in digital marketing can prove to be an advantage.The recent global recession saw a lot of jobs sinking in various sectors, but digital marketing professionals did not feel the pinch. It makes sense to develop your credentials by enrolling in a digital marketing certification course. You do not have to go very far to do so. UpGrad offers a PG Certification in Digital Marketing and Communication, one of the best Digital Marketing Certification courses in association with MICA.Get a varied choice of careerDigital marketing has various fields that are in demand. International giants such as Google, Amazon, and Airbnb are on the lookout for digital marketing professionals with expertise and experience in emerging technologies such as Artificial Intelligence. AI can help in personalisation and reduce response time to queries using techniques like Cha tbots.A specialisation in the digital marketing field can get you a varied choice of career. Companies are very choosy when it comes to recruiting experts. A digital marketing certification can provide an edge over the other candidates and make you the preferred choice.Earn more than what others doAn additional qualification such as a digital marketing certification can put you ahead of your peers. Simple economics says that the most valuable things are those that are scarce. In today’s work environment, digital marketing executives are hard to come by. This scarcity in the market can enhance your stakes and make companies pay you more than what they pay your peers.This qualification can also help you to negotiate your salary and perquisites. Most of the companies do not refuse because they might find it hard to find a suitable candidate at a later stage.READBlueTie Pin - A Contact Detail for The New Age ProfessionalsKickstart your careerThe best aspect of being a digital marketin g professional is that you can kickstart your career in advance. You do not have to wait for a stable job. A digital marketing certification course enables you to gain experience and create your portfolio. The different ways to do so are to invest in a social media presence, start your blog, gain Twitter followers, and contribute to relevant online conversations. It keeps you in the limelight and helps to beef up your CV. Many companies scout for talent through social media interactions.Become a versatile professionalDigital marketing is all over the place. You can apply your knowledge and experience anywhere. The best aspect of digital marketing is that you can build up your existing skills while learning new ones. Therefore, there are tremendous learning opportunities available in this field. It can make you a versatile professional.What can you learn at UpGrad?UpGrad offers a high-quality digital marketing certification course in collaboration with MICA. Some of the key highlight s of this course are as follows:This course offers certification from MICA and Facebook.Though it is an online course, you get MICA Alumni Status. It is no mean achievement in its own way.This course takes you through 15 case studies and projects, some of which you could encounter in your career at a later stage.The highlight of the course is that you get to work on two live campaigns with an actual budget. It is one of the best hands-on training that you can ever hope to receive.A dedicated student success mentor is available to guide you through the course.This course connects you with industry mentors on a one-to-one basis. You can also gain the experience of appearing for mock interviews by hiring managers to polish your interpersonal skills.The skills you learnThis course introduces you to all the skills necessary for becoming a successful digital marketing professional. As discussed earlier, SEO, SEM, and content marketing are the three skills in tremendous demand today. This course can make you an SEO expert. Any business would love to have such a professional in their ranks that can get their website on the first page of Google and other search engines.The course places great emphasis on social media marketing, branding, and marketing analytics. All of these areas are critical aspects of digital marketing. The course helps you master digital marketing tools like Facebook Ads, Google Ads, Hubspot, and Google Analytics, and so on.In short, this six and a half month course can chart a different route for your career by giving you a head start over your friends and colleagues.Final thoughtsDigital marketing is continuously learning field where you encounter something new every day. Thus, you become a creative person that can adapt to any situation and get the best out of it. There is excellent scope of employment opportunities in the Digital Marketing field. A PG certification qualification from UpGrad can do wonders for your career and spur you on to more exceptional achievements.

Monday, May 25, 2020

The Original General Model Of Memory Essay - 1529 Words

The original general model of memory was proposed by Richard Atkinson and Richard Shiffrin in 1968. The Attkinson-Shiffrin theory of human memory states that human memory can be classified into three components: sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory (Atkinson, Shiffrin, 1968). Sensory memory is where sensory information is brought into memory and maintained by the senses. For instance, when a person perceives an environmental stimulus for a short time before it fades, the object is still preserved in the memory for a short amount of time. Although our minds store significant amounts of information through our senses, we still can’t process the majority of it accurately because of limitations of the memory. Therefore, information which can’t be instantly attended to is stored in our sensory memory for a short time (Atkinson, Shiffrin, 1968). There are two aspects of sensory memory: iconic and echoic memory. Iconic memory pertains to the memory of sight, whereas echoic memory relates to the memory of sound. Despite the fact that most of the information in sensory memory begins to diminish, some of the information is attended to. The information that is attended is transported over to to the short-term store, also known as â€Å"short term memory†. The purpose of short term memory is â€Å"to remember an insubstantial amount of information for a short period of time† (Atkinson, Shiffrin, 1968). The information stored in short term memory has a longer duration thanShow MoreRelatedEvaluate two models of one cognitive process1042 Words   |  5 Pagestwo models of one cognitive process This essay will be discussing one particular cognitive process: the memory by evaluating two models, which are the Multi store model introduced by Atkinson and Shiffrin in 1968 and the Working memory model by Baddeley and Hitch in 1974. The first model is the multi store model. It was first proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin in 1968 and is a typical example of the information-processing approach. According to this model, memory consistsRead MoreEssay about Mulit-Store Model of Memory vs. Working Memory Model1101 Words   |  5 Pagescontrast the multi-store model of memory with the working memory model. This essay will firstly briefly describe the theories and important facts about the original multi-store model of memory (MSM) and the working memory model (WMM). This essay will then evaluate the key studies within these two models and explain the strengths and weaknesses of the main theories. The final part of this essay will be to examine the similarities and differences between the two models. The first issue that needsRead MoreThe Working Memory Model Proposed by Alan Baddeley and Graham Hitch1630 Words   |  7 Pages That our memory isn’t veridical is not a novel idea. This means that we don’t perfectly remember everything that we have seen or experienced in the past. Broadly speaking, there are two fundamental memory errors that occur in everyday life. One is forgetting events that have occurred, and the other is remembering something that did not transpire (or misremembering them in the way that they occurred). The first error, forgetting, is very common, and needs no explanation. We can all think of instancesRead MoreThe Human Life Expectancy1289 Words   |  6 Pagesperformance of memory demonstrates extensive variety and differences, with a generous increase in execution and performance over childhood and youth, a sneak peak in young adulthood, and fast decrease with propelling grown-up age. Memory execution improves and increases amid youth and pre-adulthood, and declines as the person hits maturity or in old age. Among more youthful grown-ups, better capacity to bind thing s to the setting in which they were experienced is connected with higher working memory executionRead MoreFreud s Interest Of Unconscious Ideas971 Words   |  4 Pageshypnotic trance, she started to talk about her symptoms, and he encouraged her to discuss the original incident that caused her problems. Breuer told Freud about this experience and others, and in 1893 they published the first psychoanalytic essay. Their essay, â€Å"A Preliminary Communication,† stated that â€Å"Hysterics suffer mainly from reminiscences.† They argued that hysteria was caused by repressed memories and the feelings that went along with them. Freud and Breuer agreed that symptoms could be curedRead MoreSata Commands1243 Words   |  5 PagesSome Stata Commands Last modified: January 2, 2006 9:51AM General Plotting Commands 1. Plot a histogram of a variable: histogram  vname 2. Plot a histogram of a variable using frequencies: histogram  vname, freq   histogram  vname, bin(xx) norm   where  xx  is the number of bins. 3. Plot a boxplot of a variable: graph box  vname 4. Plot side-by-side box plots for one variable (vone) by categories of another variable  vtwo. (vtwo  should be categorical)):   graph box  vone, over(vtwo) Read MoreOrigami As An Inclusive Term For All Folding Practices1155 Words   |  5 Pagesmost famous origami model is the Japanese paper crane. The majority of these designs begin with a square sheet of paper which the sides may potentially be of different colours, prints, or patterns. Traditional Japanese Origami was rather relaxed compared to Origami practised in the Edo period. Today it is frowned upon to sometimes cut paper or to use non-square shapes to start with, back then it was absolutely fine. What is the history of it? The history of paper folding, in general, is really murkyRead MoreForensic Examiner An Empirically Constructed Method Of Assessing Impairment1411 Words   |  6 Pagescriminal culpability with the ALI standard, and incorporates experimental decision models for guilty-but-mentally-ill, and M’Naghten standards (Rogers, 1998). On the basis of discriminant function analysis, he concludes that the R-CRAS variables were able to form differentiating patterns (between individuals showing impairment and those not showing impairment) for each of the five components of the decision model. Results indicated average hit rates of 94.3% (ranging from 87.8% for Major MentalRead MoreInfluencing The Performance Of Simultaneous Interpreters776 Words   |  4 Pageschapter 4 The position of interpreting studies (Pà ¶chhacker, 2013,60-72). In this chapter, with his emphasizing on simultaneous interpreting, Pà ¶chhacke(2013) introduced the history of interpreting studies, the definition in interpreting studies, the models and theory of interpreting studying, etc. The book The origins of simultaneous interpretation: The Nuremberg Trial(Gaiba, F,1998) gave a clear introduction of the nature and history of simultaneous interpretation form the Nuremberg Trial. BesidesRead MoreVarious Stages of Product Life Cycle798 Words   |  3 Pagesï » ¿The classic model of a product life cycle has four basic stages: Introduction, Growth, Maturity and Decline. These cylces may be mitigated by product extensions, etc. in the case of a childs bed, utilizing new themes could continually place part of the line extension back into the growth market to maturity instead of allowing the whole line to decline. The various stages of the cycle are often explained as: Introduction this is a development stage, market growth is light, but may be dependent

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The Benefits of Evidence Based Practice in Nursing Essay...

Evidenced Based Practice (EBP) is essential to enable all nurses to provide the most current up to date practises for their patients. This process involves research, systematic review of current practises, critical thinking skills, evaluation and application to the clinical setting. In addition to this, the nurse must take into account the patients’ preferences. For nurses to have professional autonomy they must be able to justify their actions and demonstrate an understanding of why they perform the tasks they do. This defines them as unique professionals judged by their knowledge and not simply by their hands on skills. As stated by McSherry, Simmons Pearce (2002); â€Å"Nurses are responsible for the care they provide for their patient.†¦show more content†¦(Polit Beck, 2010). As nursing is person-centred and relies on a multidisciplinary team approach it has to take into account the care setting, patient predilections, clinical judgement and best available evidence. (Holland Rees, 2010). The key steps involved in evidence based practice come from a thirst for knowledge that once ignited makes the next step to asking a well worded clinical question easier. A well formulated question improves patient outcomes and supports the implementation of change. One such method looks at foreground and background questions. A background question is usually a basic knowledge question and is usually answered by a textbook. Foreground questions are usually specific and once answered can help in clinical changes. An acronym useful for formulating a well worded question is PICOT. ( Stillwell, Fineout-Overholt, Melnyk, Williamson, 2010). â€Å"PICOT is an acronym for the elements of the clinical question: patient population (P), intervention or issue of interest (I), comparison intervention or issue of interest (C), outcome(s) of interest (O), time it takes for the intervention to achieve the outcome(s) (T).† (Stillwell et al., 2010, p. 59). When a question has been identified the best study design can be chosen. For a prognosis question, a good quality cohort study would be used. For a non-compliance question, a qualitative study would be appropriate and for the effectiveness of treatment a systematicShow MoreRelatedThe Benefits of Evidence Based Practice in Nursing Essay2941 Words   |  12 PagesEvidence based practice (EBP) is a systematic approach that integrates the best currently available evidence, along with clinical expertise and each individual’s preference to make clinical decision, in order to deliver the most optimal care to patients (Baigis Hughes, 2001). EBP in nursing refers to the adaptation of the latest best nursing research findings with nurses’ clinical experience and the value and preference of patients, families and communities to make the patient care better (TheRead MoreWhat Are Nursing Research?1359 Words   |  6 PagesWhat is nursing research and why is it important to nursin g? Research is essential in all aspects of life. Research guides decisions on what cars will be bought, what houses will be purchased, or where children will attend school. So, why would research not be an important part of deciding what is best in regards to healthcare? Research is conducted to gather data about a particular subject. Data that is collected through research should strive to be obtained from resources that are valid, credibleRead MoreEvidence Based Practice : Nursing Implications1399 Words   |  6 Pages Evidence Based Practice: Nursing Implications Misty DelCiampo Submitted to Sarah P. Combs PhD, MPH, RN in partial fulfillment of NR460 Evidence Based Practice in Nursing Regis University August 3rd, 2015 Evidence Based Practice Nursing Implications As the health care environment is becoming more complex, and technology is developing rapidly, the expectations of nurses has increased more than ever before. Times are rapidly changing and to keep up with these changes, nurses areRead MoreMagnet And Its Effects On Nursing Practice1610 Words   |  7 PagesMagnet and its effects on Nursing Practice According to the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), there are 426 hospitals that have achieved Magnet status (ANCC, 2016). Hospitals that are designated Magnet facilities have a professional practice model that is based on a connection between their mission, values and nursing practice (Berger, Conway, Beaton, 2012). The professional practice model must also encompass the Magnet Program’s foundation for nursing excellence. The Magnet CertificationRead MoreReview of a Nursing Journal on an EBP Process: Together with his colleagues at the University of1200 Words   |  5 PagesReview of a Nursing Journal on an EBP Process: Together with his colleagues at the University of Washington, Jeffrey R. Harris developed and published an article regarding the most appropriate means for disseminating evidence-based practices. The framework was geared towards spreading evidence-based practices that focus on health promotion. The authors argued that the basis for widespread adoption of evidence-based health promotion practices is mainly dependent on developing and evaluating effectiveRead MoreRelationship Between Nursing Profession With Scholarship, Praxis, And Evidence Based Practice971 Words   |  4 Pagesbetween nursing profession with scholarship, praxis, and evidence-based practice to improve quality of care for individuals and their respective societies. The Oxford English dictionary defined scholarship as the attainments of a scholar, learning, and erudition in a person (Scholarship, 2016). Scholarship is a noun of academic study or achievement, learning at a higher level. Scholarship in nursing has become an essential part of our professional evolution. Professional nursing practice at allRead MoreEssay The Benefits of BSN over ADN1005 Words   |  5 PagesThe national shortage of Registered Nurses (RNs) has helped generate formidable interest in the nursing profession among people entering the workforce and those pursuing a career change. According to a report issued by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Service in 2002, the national population is continuing to grow and age and medical services continue to advance, so the need for nurses will continue to increase. They report from 2000 to 2020 the predicted shortage of nurses is expected toRead MoreThe Need For Classification Of Nursing Data1559 Words   |  7 PagesThe Need for Classification of Nursing Data in EHRs In the healthcare industry, nursing is underrepresented in the development of healthcare policies. Current nursing practice depends on the use of standardized nursing terminology and documentation to accurately communicate and identify nursing diagnoses, nursing care provided, and interventions that were performed within healthcare disciplines process (Mennella Caple, 2016). The essential solution to making nursing more visible is having necessaryRead MoreIntegrating Technology Based Teaching Strategies816 Words   |  4 PagesNursing education has undergone a wide range of changes in the past decade. The foundation for these changes are some of the major events such as; radical transformation – a report released by Carnegie Foundation, the Affordable Care Act, a report released by the Institute of Medicine regarding the innovation in nurse education, and an initiative called as the Future of Nursing: Campaign for Action (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation [RWJF], 2012). Some of the major changes in nursing education are;Read MoreImportance Of Evidence Based Practice And Nursing Research1006 Words   |  5 Pages Significance of Evidence Based Practice and Nursing Research Rina Desai Widener University â€Æ' The significance of nursing research and evidence-based practice has gained a huge momentum in nursing. Research findings, knowledge from basic science, clinical knowledge, and expert opinion are all considered ‘evidence’. Thus, the practices based on research findings are more likely to result in the desired patient outcomes across numerous clinical settings. In addition, the pressure of healthcare

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

IBMs Multicultural Multinational Teams Essay - 2041 Words

IBMs Multicultural Multinational Teams South University Online Todays work environment is more complex than it has ever been. With the number of global companies increasing and the competition that has resulted from this business practice, there has been tremendous demand for organizations to improve their workforce practices. The pressures of organizations to be globally competitive has led to drastic changes in the way that business work practices are utilized. Organizations had to develop strategies that increased efficiency, productivity, and also profitability. The resulting changes has shifted the work environment from an individualistic nature to more of a team oriented structure.†¦show more content†¦Once IBM became so wide and diverse the need for an informal, impermanent, and team oriented environment became necessary. Describe the stages of group development these teams should expect to experience. At each stage, make recommendations that will help move the team into the next stage. There are five stages of group development that teams will experience. These stages are all needed and should be anticipated in order for the team to develop, to deal with challenges, to undertake problems, to uncover solutions, to strategize the effort, and to provide the desired outcome. The initial stage involved in the team building process is the forming stage. This is when the forming of the team occurs and the team members are uncertain about what the process will be. This stage is to identify group behaviors, principles and standards and methods to manage behavioral problems. In this stage team members get to know one another and develop opinions about one anothers personalities. The team members are finding out the extent of the mission and how to tackle the opportunities and challenges they will encounter, along with establishing and agreeing to goals. After the group begins to get fairly comfortable with one anothers behavioral characteristics and the details of the p roject are sorted out, the team will begin the advancement to the next stage of the group development. The second stage involved in the team buildingShow MoreRelatedCase Analysis of Lenovo MA IBM PC department3533 Words   |  15 Pagessuccessful overseas MAs suffering from a low profit margin in the PC business and intense competitions from tablet PCs and smart phones, the company is initiating to diversify its businesses. The most famous MA case is the merger and acquisition of IBMs PC unit. In fact, in early 2000, IBM had already represented its willingness to sell their PC unit to Lenovo. Why would IBM sell its renowned PC unit? According to the financial report submitted by the IBM in the year 2004, the PC division lost 397millionRead MoreCase Study on Ibm7721 Words   |  31 PagesSTraTEGIc Hr ManaGEMEnT case study–PaRt a IBM’s Global Talent Management Strategy: The Vision of the Globally Integrated Enterprise By John W. Boudreau, Ph.D. Project team Author: SHRM project contributor: External contributors: John W. Boudreau, Ph.D. Nancy A. Woolever, SPHR Randy MacDonald Richard Calo Michelle Rzepnicki Katya Scanlan Jihee Lombardi Copy editing: Design:  © 2010 Society for Human Resource Management. John W. Boudreau, Ph.D. Development of this case was made possible by a grantRead MoreDiversity in Multi-Cultural Teams Creates Potential Advantages2825 Words   |  12 PagesMMM028 COMPARATIVE AND INTER-CULTURAL MANAGEMENT Diversity in multi-cultural teams creates potential advantages. Discuss.   In the recent years, the movement of the modern business are very much according to the globalisation of the worlds economy, which resulted in the increasing amount of international businesses, global economic competition, and the difference/divergence within the organisations. Globalisation creates international business environment that requires businessesRead MoreHofstede s Cultural Dimensions With Globe Study1998 Words   |  8 Pagesdone so far. The GLOBE Project had 170 investigators from different countries divided into 62 different cultures with a 14-member group of co-ordinators and research associates who were the major contributors towards this study. This international team collected the data from 17,300 different middle managers in plenty of organizations i.e. 951 different organisations (House et al, 2004). The GLOBE researchers used the acquired data to put nations into many cultural clusters that are grouped basedRead MoreLenovo and Ibm23938 Words   |  96 Pagesintegration for merger and acquisition from a Western perspective, few have discussed cultural integration in an Asian context. This study provides a case study of cultural integration strategies Lenovo has undertaken to manage employees from both teams after the MA. It adopts a semi-structure face-to-face interview research method, which 5 participants were selected from the culture integration committee for interview. During the interview, each participant answered the questions from their perspectiveRead MoreThe Impact Of Diversified Workforce And How Management Handles Their Employees From Different Cultural Backgrounds3622 Words   |  15 PagesAuthors have not focused on the extent of diversity that should be introduced in the office which will enhance employee output. The paper therefore thrives to find answers to these questions. 1. Literature Review According to Harmon (2015), a multinational firm is an amalgamation of different cultures and work ethics. A diverse culture in the organization means that there are advantages and disadvantages both associated with managing the employees from different backgrounds. It is evident from theRead MoreOrganizational Behavior5621 Words   |  23 Pagesbalance sheets rather than human resources. Answer a Page 2 2. _____ is a structured social system consisting of groups and individuals working together to meet some agreed-upon objective. a. An open system b. An organization c. A work team d. Scientific management Answer b Page 3 3. Organizational behavior: a. is a social science that examines people’s behavior in society, like physics or sociology. b. studies how organizations compete and applies that knowledge to improveRead MoreStrategic Human Resource Management View.Pdf Uploaded Successfully133347 Words   |  534 Pagesand interpersonal skills training. Training took up 25 percent of total working time during the plant’s first year of operation. The plant’s empowered workers take on duties previously performed by managers and use their broad range of skills in a team-based approach. An intensive emphasis on skills is maintained as workers must master three skill modules within two years in order to retain their jobs. In contrast to the narrow job definitions in many U.S. plants, the Corning plant has only fourRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pagesand Moods 97 Personality and Values 131 Perception and Individual Decision Making 165 Motivation Concepts 201 Motivation: From Concepts to Applications 23 9 3 The Group 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Foundations of Group Behavior 271 Understanding Work Teams 307 Communication 335 Leadership 367 Power and Politics 411 Conflict and Negotiation 445 Foundations of Organization Structure 479 v vi BRIEF CONTENTS 4 The Organization System 16 Organizational Culture 511 17 Human Resource PoliciesRead MoreManagement Course: Mba−10 General Management215330 Words   |  862 Pagesinnovations such as direct-to-customer production sales and supply chain leadership. These innovations allowed Dell to build its computer business volume and success by blindsiding the industry’s existing marketing, production, and retailing practices. IBM’s approach to emphasizing services and partnering with other technology companies—and making it work—has been the key to its strength. Our own total quality management (which identified the costs of quality failure and converted them into opportunity

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

The Women of Bangladesh free essay sample

Low Status and Power Bangladesh is one of the worlds most densely populated countries with 150 million people, 49 percent of whom live below the national poverty line. In addition, child malnutrition rates of 48 percent are the second highest in the world, a condition that is tied to the low social status of women in Bangladeshi society (THP). Even though women constitute almost half of the population in Bangladesh, their status has been ranked the lowest in the world based on twenty indicators related to education, health, marriage, children, employment, and social equality (NCBP). Bangladesh is a very patriarchal society and gender inequality is evidenced in almost every aspect of life. Some studies have shown that the majority of women from rural areas are not aware of gender inequality because traditional beliefs keep them in the shadow of their fathers, husbands, and sons (Hadi). Women are dependent on men all their lives because that is what they know. Their traditions and lack of education keep them pocketed away from society especially in rural areas, where after marriage they are not allowed to leave the home unless accompanied by a male relative. Bangladesh is one of the very few countries in the world in which males outnumber females; this provides strong evidence that there is a problem of missing women. Census data from 2001 shows that more than 2. 7 million Bangladeshi women were missing (SIGI). There are no reliable statistics to quote, so estimates on the number of trafficked women and children are difficult to make. The crime is largely hidden despite its pervasiveness. Nevertheless, a total of 335 women and children were reportedly trafficked from Bangladesh in 2002 (BNWLA). In all fairness, it seems that stating â€Å"more than 2. 7 million Bangladeshi women were missing† from the 2001 census may pose more questions than answers especially considering many rural families do not legally record births, deaths and marriages because they haven’t been educated to do so. Son preference is also prevalent in this society leading to female sex-selective abortions, neglect of girls (compared to boys) in early childhood and abandonment (SIGI). A report released by the U. N. Population Fund in 2000 asserted that 47 percent of adult women report physical abuse by their male partner. Much of the reported violence against women is related to disputes over dowries. Assailants who fling acid in their faces disfigure a number of women each year. Many of these attacks are revenge motivated by rejected suitors. Few perpetrators of these acid attacks are prosecuted due to poor investigation and lack of eyewitnesses (OWP). Reproductive Freedom In Bangladesh, the use of the term â€Å"Reproductive Rights† is very recent. The common understanding of reproductive rights is that women should be able to decide and control their own bodies and reproductive behavior. However, many women living in rural and poor urban settings of Bangladesh are victims of physical, sexual, psychological, and human rights violations (Hossain and Akhter). Pregnant women have many potential causes for serious illness and complications during their pregnancy. Early marriage, lack of proper nutrition, and multiple pregnancies are just the beginning. Abortion is not legal, and many women attempt to induce abortion or get assistance from untrained people in less than sanitary conditions. These factors often lead to sterility and sometimes death. The government decides which contraceptives will be made available to women and often due to lack of education; rural women are unaware of what is accessible to them. Additionally, â€Å"women have to take permission from their husbands to use contraceptives (Hossain and Akhter)†. This means that women, especially the extremely poor, do not have a choice concerning the timing of pregnancies. A highly religious and patriarchal culture keeps women on the role of passivity regarding their own sexual health and those who resist are subject to spousal battering, dowry-related torture, marital rape, arbitrary family planning, and sexually transmitted diseases (Henningfeld 98). Sexuality / Lesbianism There is not much written in news articles or reports about lesbians in Bangladesh. In fact, any references to lesbianism are almost footnotes in ublications regarding homosexual men or LGBT. In the article â€Å"An Analysis of Homosexuality in Bangladesh† by Ashok Deb on the LGBT Bangladesh website, the writer describes how invisible the gay and lesbian communities of Bangladesh are and the prejudices they face. Bangladesh has the second largest Muslim population in the world and homosexuality is forbidden in their culture. â€Å"Although not declared officially like [in] Iran,†¦. homosexuality does not simply exist. The combination of homophobia and heterosexism in Bangladesh keeps the majority of gays and lesbians in â€Å"the closet. Lesbians in Bangladesh are dealt a double blow in regard to their rights; being women in a largely hetero-patriarchy society where women do not have the same liberties as men and being the sexual minority whose sexuality is controlled by society, religion and the legal system. Since the Bangladesh culture essentially prohibits a homosexual lifestyle, lesbians are forced to hide their sexual orientation to protect themselves and their families from physical and verbal attacks and/or community rejection. Thus to avoid social abrogation and rejection, a lesbian opts to marry a male partner†¦ (Deb)†. Such â€Å"invisibility† in culture and denial of sexual orientation can lead to serious psychological issues resulting in depression and sometimes, even suicide. Women’s Work In general, women are undervalued both in the formal and informal labor sectors; formal being the workplace where one receives a taxed paycheck and informal work situations such as contract basis, ‘under the table’ and ‘off the books’ (Burn 92). Bangladesh is one of the worst countries concerning gender pay gap, occupational sex segregation, and gender stereotypes in the workplace. The World Bank’s 2012 labor report states that Bangladeshi women make 12 cents for every dollar a man earns! One of the contributing factors to the wage gap is called the human capital approach. This means that women are credited with less education, experience, and life skills to offer an employer versus that of a man, so they can be paid less (Burn 104). However, the young women of Bangladesh are starting to make changes in their lives and in society. Allowing women to work outside the home is one of the first steps to economic empowerment of women. There are still many cultures, Bangladesh included, where women are dependent on men for everything, but that is slowly changing. Women without access to their own money are more likely to be forced to marry young, have many children, and have little to no education. Young women who are in the workforce have better mobility, access to better education and marry later in life. When these women do get married, they have control of their own reproductivity and are more likely than men to put their money back into their family in the form of better food, homes, health care, and education for their daughters as well as their sons. Additionally, their daughter’s will have an even better education and that will give them the skills to make their own decisions about contraceptives, where to work, when to get married and how to use their earnings (Negash). Investing in the women of today can lead to less poverty tomorrow. One challenge for women in the workplace is sexual harassment. The general idea is as follows: typically, men committing unwelcome/ unwanted sexual advances toward women in the workplace. The sex-role spillover theory posed by Gutek amp; Morash in 1982, suggests that how men and women perceive their roles in life (men seeing women in sexual terms and women trained to see this as flattery and not complain) ‘spills-over’ into the workplace. This leads to a few different kinds of sexual harassment; gender harassment, unwanted sexual attention and sexual coercion. Gender harassment is derogatory and insulting behavior toward women. Suggestive comments and physical contact comprise some aspects of unwanted sexual attention and the worst is sexual coercion; sex being required to get or keep a job (Burn 113). However, there is very little written about sexual harassment toward Bangladeshi women in the work force. Unfortunately, several factors contribute to this problem. Women’s unwillingness to report harassment is the biggest one. Reasons that harassment is not reported may be any or all of the following: women are trained from childhood that any talk of the sexual nature is taboo, fear that if they do report the harassment they will lose their job, and worse, fear that they report it and their superiors will do nothing (Siddiqi). The work environment in Bangladesh will not improve until the traditional gender role perspectives are changed by both men and women. Women in Development Households in rural areas of Bangladesh face several major environmental problems. Frequently, access to clean water and poor sanitary disposal contribute to villagers contracting gastrointestinal and other water-borne diseases. In addition, there continues to be loss of natural forest areas due to commercial tree felling for fuel and encroachments on agricultural settlements. Clearly, there is a direct correlation between environmental issues and poverty; the poor are forced to address short-term needs, even if their actions contribute to the long-term depletion of natural resources (Rhaman and Roy). The Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development (BARD) has incorporated an Environmental Education program in one of its rural development projects, the Comprehensive Village Development Program (CVDP). Since its inception, CVDP has been working to establish a strong institutional framework at the village level with the active participation of the members of the communities (M.H. Chowdhury). There are no short cuts in reducing poverty and increasing economic development in Bangladesh. The CVDP encourages local leadership and community participation by addressing rural problems related to development. The program works to implement strategies to empower the women and the poor in these communities. Women and Religion The major (state) religion in Bangladesh is Islam with Hindu in second position. Early Islam history shows that women were important leaders of the religion but now women are limited in their public participation; women can be leaders only in all female groups. It is believed that the teachings of Islam are opposed to using masculine god language and promote all followers as equal and yet Allah is referred to as â€Å"he† and women do not have much of a public role in the religion (Burn 184). Fundamentalist Islam religious practices are very gender segregated; one reason women primarily participate in religious rituals within the home is because menstruation is considered unclean and they cannot enter a mosque or touch the Qur’an until their period is complete and have taken the ritual cleansing bath (Burn184). Men claim that one of the reasons mosques are segregated is that women are a physical distraction, so men and women cannot pray together (Jehanzeb). Contrary to many Westerner’s beliefs, many Muslim women view traditional Islamic dress as a way to show their devotion to Allah, rather than a form of oppression. The use of the hijab (or veil) to cover the hair and the abaya (a long dress or coat and a headscarf) are expressions of women wanting to please Allah and follow Islamic teachings (Burn 185). Women in Politics Although two women Prime Ministers have headed the Bangladeshi government alternately for the past 20 years, this does not reflect the ratios of gender participation in the Parliament or decision-making at policy level. While there have been many men in the ceremonial presidential position, there have been only the two women, Sheikh Hasina or Khaleda Zia, alternating in the most powerful position of the country. However, even though they held high positions within the government, neither questioned the male dominance of politics in Bangladesh or tried to change gendered political structures in order to allow more female participation. Islam plays an important role in both society and politics in Bangladesh. In 1988, an amendment to the constitution made Islam the state religion. To insure their participation and visibility in politics, many female Members of Parliment observe proper female Islamic dress code by covering their heads in public and participating in public religious rituals to show that they were practicing Muslims. It has always been very important to the people of Bangladesh that their statespeople be practicing Muslims (N. Chowdhury, Women and Politics Worldwide). Despite the two top leaders of Bangladesh being female, women’s representation in parliament is small. The quota of reserved seats for women in the Bangladeshi Parliament is 45. These 45 of 300 total seats do not adequately represent the over fifty percent female votership in Bangladesh (N. Chowdhury). Thus, ensuring that women do not have an equal voice in Bangladesh’s politics. Women who are Members of the Parliament from those reserved seats are considered â€Å"ornamental† partially due to lack of participation but mostly because of the patriarchal views of women in the public sphere. Also, women do not run for unreserved seats on parliament for many reasons. Some state they do not have the funding (because their money is controlled by their husbands), do not want to be linked to criminal activities, and some fear for their lives should they win. The political arena in Bangladesh is filled with corruption and many male politicians buy their way into Parliament or use assassins to eliminate competition (F. D. Chowdhury). Unfortunately, neither Sheikh Hasina or Khaleda Zia used the power of her position to further women’s political growth or enhance their political competency (N. Chowdhury). Gender Equality Movements The Bangladeshi Constitution affirms gender equality but women’s rights are often disregarded. Women and girls are disadvantaged in their access to education, health care, and financial assets (SIGI). Islamic Sharia law regards women as â€Å"custodians† but not legal guardians of their children. In the event of divorce under Muslim law, women can only retain custody of sons until age seven and daughters until puberty (SIGI). The husband has the right of unilateral divorce, for no cause at all. The wife has no such right and when her husband exercises his right; she has no redress. Bangladesh’s largest women’s organization, Mahila Parishad, works to raise women’s awareness and provide equality in the laws that govern the country. Twenty years ago, they lobbied parliament to pass an Anti-dowry law due to the extreme violence against married women over dowries (Burn 252). Although this law is in effect, many families in rural areas still observe the dowry as part of the marriage arrangement. Unfortunately, due to extreme poverty and underdevelopment, women’s equality issues are not seen as important issues (N. Chowdhury, Women and Politics Worldwide). Women in the Garment Industry Over 80 percent of Bangladesh’s garment industry workers are women, which is a large increase over previous studies (ILO). Traditionally, garment industry workers have always been men and when women were first hired, the men were not sure they could do the job. Only after watching women in action did that thought change. Breaking some of the typical gender stereotypes, there are now over 200 garment factories in Bangladesh that not only hire women to sew and iron garments but some allow women to move into ‘cutter’ positions, normally a position only held by men (ILO). Still, occupational sex de-segregation has a long way to go. Some of these companies, like Babylon Garments Factory, are making great strides to create family-friendly facilities; a nursery for worker’s children and free medical treatment/ health care on the premises (ILO). However, there is still a lot of progress to be made before women can break through the glass ceiling in the Bagladeshi workforce. Women and Proper Etiquette There are many subtle nuances of proper etiquette concerning Bangladeshi women such as how to greet them, dining arrangements, and proper attire. Greetings usually only take place between members of the same sex and women will really only be met within a business atmosphere; foreign men should nod to a Bangladeshi women unless she extends her hand and address her as â€Å"Begum† (â€Å"Madam†). Public displays of affection, even between husbands and wives, are considered immoral; particularly in respect to unmarried females (Shrestha). Women should not be photographed unless it is certain there will be no objections. Dining will typically be same sex inside and outside of the home. Proper attire for Bangladeshi women includes a Saree (a type of dress), a Hijab (or veil) worn on the head so that no hair is showing with the common hairstyle, and hair worn in a Beni (twisted bun). Use of Western clothing is rare and exposure of cleavage, thighs and arms is discouraged (Shrestha). In Closing Women represent half the worlds population, and gender inequality exists in every country. Preventing half the people on this earth from reaching its full potential is shortsighted. Society in general is hurt when women and girls are deprived of equality (Negash). For the women of Bangladesh, there are still some huge hurdles to overcome concerning the improvement of education for girls, health and reproductive care for women, and basic human rights. Optimistically, the changes that have already been witnessed will continue to spread so the next generations will be met with a promising future.